Different kinds of farmed shrimp

Table of Contents

Prawns are crustaceans belonging to the phylum Decapods. This phylum includes five groups: king shrimp, crab, saltwater shrimp, freshwater shrimp and lobster. Shrimps are cold-blooded animals and all their body activities are affected by temperature.

The delicious and nourishing crustacean has been one of the most popular seafood among people in the world for several decades. For the first time, the people of Southeast Asia began to breed shrimp. The increase in demand and the limitation of marine resources developed the shrimp farming industry to other countries. At the same time, with increasing information and knowledge in this field, more advanced and modern methods of shrimp farming were employed in this industry.

Choosing the species and type of shrimp has been always one of the challenges of the shrimp breeding industry. Many factors such as the availability of larva, adaptation to the region, easy feeding, and the possibility of fast and suitable growth, resistance to diseases, etc. are involved in the selection of farmed shrimp species.

Sometimes factors such as disease cause the removal of a shrimp species from the cycle of the shrimp farming industry.

Now, we will introduce some of the most important commercial shrimp species in the world.

1. Penaeus Semisulcatus

This species is native to the water of the Persian Gulf and the Sea of ​​Oman. The native of Penaeus Semisulcatus made it as the first species to be considered for breeding in Iran; but due to many casualties lost his place after several years. The ideal temperature for the growth of this species is 24-34 Celsius. The salinity level of 15-28 ppt is suitable for this species.

2. Penaeus Merguiensis

The body color is pinkish-yellow and the presence of red-brown spots make this type of shrimp Penaeus Merguiensis. The main habitat of this species is the water of Hormozgan coast in Iran. The right degree for the cultivation of this species is 25-32 Celsius and its salinity tolerance range is 15-32 ppt.

The thinness of the shell of this species has increased its sensitivity. Penaeus merguiensis is one of the most important and expensive edible shrimp.

3. Penaeus Indicus

This species of shrimp lives in the water of Hormozgan and Sistan and Baluchistan in Iran. The right temperature for this species, 22-23 degrees Celsius and 15-25 ppt salinity are suitable for it.

It seems the high perishability of this species compared to other species obliges aqua culturists to be very careful about its transportation and maintenance. Indian white shrimp (Penaeus indicus) was the most important cultured species for several years in Iran. But due to the spread of white spot disease, it lost its position.

4. Penaeus Monodon

One of the largest species of farmed shrimp is the black tiger shrimp (Penaeus Monodon). This species lives in the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean. The weight of this species reaches up to 650 grams. Fast growth and high resistance to diseases and environmental conditions make black tiger shrimp one of the most important species in the shrimp farming industry. The temperature 24-34 degrees Celsius and 5-25 ppt salinity are suitable for this species.

5. Litopenaeus Vannamei

The habitat of this popular species is the western coast of the Pacific Ocean; However, the ease of breeding this species affect its spread to all parts of the world. There are many reasons for the popularity of western white shrimp or

Vannamei such as: fast-growing, wide range of salinity tolerance, easy and economical feeding, more storage, and high resistance to diseases.

The suitable temperature for western white shrimp is 23-30 degrees Celsius and its salinity tolerance range is 5-45 ppt. Moreover, it is possible to grow this species in very high density.

In recent years, western white shrimp has become the priority of aquaculture farmers in many countries. It is known as the savior species of the shrimp farming industry.

Atlas Meigoo Khalij Fars Company is active in producing high-quality western white shrimp (Vannamei), in different sizes and applies all processing methods in world-class (PUD, PTO, HLSO, HOSO, PD) and its products are sent to the world market in standard packaging, according to the customer’s request.

6. Penaeus Stylirostris

Penaeus Stylirostris (Blue shrimp), like western white shrimp, lives on the coast of the Pacific Ocean from Mexico to Peru. This species was introduced to Asia in 2000 as a non-native breeding species. The high growth rate and high resistance to diseases are among the important advantages of this species. This species can tolerate low temperatures.

In the following, we will briefly examine some shrimp species that are less commercially important and are grown in a limited quantities.

Penaeus Japonicus: This species has a wide distribution and is spread from the Pacific Ocean to the coasts of the Oceania continent, the Indian Ocean, the eastern coast of Africa and the Mediterranean. Breeding of this species has more fans in Japan.

Metapenaeus Affinis: This species is considered as the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean shrimp. In the seafood trade, this species is sometimes known as Brown Indian shrimp.

Penaeus Orientalis: From a systematic point of view, this species is very similar to Indian white shrimp. The habitat of this species is the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The reproduction and cultivation of this species has been done more in China than other countries.

Penaeus Penicillatus: This species is considered as one of the indigenous species of the Indian and Pacific Oceans and is generally cultivated in Asian countries.

Now, the advanced countries of the shrimp farming industry have been able to overcome the factors of production reduction, including disease, and achieve mass production by multiplying and breeding the western white shrimp. It should be mentioned that these countries also continue to cultivate their indigenous species.

Regarding to the specialists’ studies and researches of the shrimp farming industry and the improvement of native species, it is obvious that the shrimp farming industry will achieve new achievements in relation to the farmed shrimp species in the future.

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