Automatic feeders in the shrimp farming industry

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Shrimp is known as one of the most important protein sources in the world. Shrimp farming is important worldwide due to high economic demand and profitability. Feed preparation accounts for a high percentage of the cost of shrimp farming. It has been reported that over 60% of the cost of each farming cycle is spent on feed. Several types of feed can be used to meet the nutritional requirements of shrimp. These include natural food sources found in the pond (such as algae) and formulated and industrialized feeds.

In the shrimp farming industry, it is important to provide high-quality feed to ensure a healthy product and to manage feeding to keep costs down. One of the most important factors for success in shrimp farming is an accurate and regular feeding program based on the nutritional needs of the shrimp. Overfeeding or underfeeding not only costs the farmer money but also reduces shrimp growth.

In every industry, new technologies are replacing traditional production methods. Producers who don’t adapt to these changes are ultimately doomed to fail. In recent years, shrimp farming has evolved from a traditional business to an advanced industry. Those involved in this industry need to update themselves and utilize the latest technologies to remain competitive. One of the equipment and tools used in recent years is the automatic feeder. It has been considered as an optimal and economical method to improve the performance of shrimp farming by using these automatic feeders in shrimp farming.

What are automatic feeders?

Automatic feeders are devices placed on catwalks or pedestals that automatically release food through a tube into the pond by setting a timer. These are more suitable for large ponds and are placed in the deepest part of the pond.

In the early days of shrimp farming, the shrimp food is tiny. Experts believe that automatic feeders shouldn’t be used during this period. Typically, the use of automatic feeders begins between the 15th and 25th day of culture. Before that, feeding is done manually. It has been reported that feeding the shrimp with Growth Feed 1 is the best time to start using these machines.

The size of the shrimp, the amount of feed, and the biomass of the shrimp are all important in determining the feeding time. Some farmers set the feeding time between 7 am and 8 pm, while others set a 24-hour schedule.

Shrimp density determines the number of feeders needed for each pond. Experts recommend that one feeder should be placed in the pond for every 300 to 450 thousand shrimp. If there are two feeders in a pond, both feeders must run at the same time for simultaneous food distribution.

Benefits of using automatic feeders

Using automatic feeders requires a significant initial investment, which can make some farmers hesitant. However, the use of these devices is a wise and appropriate choice when you consider the many benefits and advantages they offer. Let’s take a look at their advantages.


1. Labor cost reduction: One of the benefits of using automatic feeders is the reduction of labor costs. Manual feeding of shrimp requires a large number of workers and a considerable amount of money is spent on their wages in each cycle. Automatic feeders will reduce these costs and bring a significant profit to the farmer.

2. Increased shrimp growth and survival: A significant benefit of using automatic feeders is the increase in shrimp growth and survival. These devices increase the shrimp’s chance of receiving food and improve their growth and survival rate by distributing food evenly throughout the day or most hours in the pond.

3. Improve water quality: Automatic feeders distribute food throughout the pond at appropriate intervals. This improves water quality during the growing cycle by reducing overfeeding and the accumulation of unused food at the bottom of the pond.

4. Reduce production costs and increase profits: As mentioned above, approximately 60% of shrimp production costs are related to feed. By using automatic feeders, production costs can be reduced by improving feed management and reducing food waste. Better growth and survival rates result in higher profits for the farmer.

The use of automatic feeders in shrimp farming generally reduces production costs and significantly increases the economic conversion rate and profits. Therefore, despite the need for initial capital, it is recommended that farmers invest in and implement these devices as soon as possible to achieve higher profits.

References:

https://abzistan.blog.ir/post/53
https://agrilib.areeo.ac.ir/book_7784.html
https://japu.gau.ac.ir/article_5634.html

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