23 Strategies for Managing Shrimp Breeding Centers

Table of Contents

The amount of shrimp production in the world has reached 5 million tons in 2022 and this amount will reach about 6 million tons in 2024. The shrimp farming industry is like a chain with many links. In one of the previous articles, we mentioned the links of the shrimp farming chain and explained each one in detail. Do you remember them? Breeding centers, farming ponds, food production plants, transportation, processing plants, export, import, and distribution are the most important of these links.

The first link in this huge chain is the breeding centers. This is where the entire shrimp breeding process begins; broodstock is bred under artificial conditions to be used in the shrimp farming process. To ultimately produce healthy and disease-free shrimp, the broodstock must be of the highest health and quality.

The United States is one of the largest broodstock-producing countries. The United States is not one of the most important and powerful countries in terms of shrimp production. However, it exports a lot of broodstock to major shrimp-producing countries every year.

We have dedicated this article to the importance of breeding centers. Stay with us.

Different parts of shrimp breeding centers

Shrimp breeding centers consist of several parts. The most important parts are water tanks, water quality control laboratory, quarantine hall, broodstock maintenance hall, packing and distribution hall, food storage warehouse, support facilities, and engine room.

Principled management of each of them greatly affects the production of healthy and quality broodstock. Relevant shrimp farming organizations and researchers have provided solutions for the optimal and correct management of these centers. The application and implementation of these solutions are mandatory and necessary to have a quality and pathogen-free product.

Required Items for Shrimp Breeding Center Facilities and Equipment

– Before constructing a breeding center, it is necessary to obtain the necessary permits from the relevant organizations.

– The building of the breeding center must be built in a suitable location. It must have access to good quality and healthy water.

– The breeding center’s different halls should be built and equipped according to the needs and usage.

– All necessary equipment, including water purifiers, water transfer pumps, aerators, emergency power, water quality control testing equipment, maintenance and storage tanks, etc. shall be provided.

– The breeding center building must have adequate light. It is recommended to use natural light by using windows and skylights in different parts of the building. Of course, it should be noted that the broodstock maintenance hall requires little light.

– Tanks made of appropriate materials should be used for storage and maintenance of broodstock. Storage tanks are available in a variety of materials including fiberglass, concrete, and polyethylene. Concrete tanks are usually the best choice for this purpose.

– It is necessary to have a suitable place for the disposal of possible carcasses in the breeding center.

Water Management Essentials in Shrimp Breeding Centers

– Access to quality and healthy water sources is very important for breeding centers. The water used in these centers must come from a place that is free from all types of pollution and has little variation in parameters such as salinity, temperature, and mineral salts.

– Pumps and water pipes are used to transport the water from the source to the breeding center. The size of the pipes should be proportional to the amount of water used. It’s recommended to use non-metallic pipes.

– If necessary, sedimentation basins should be used in the breeding center. These basins are used before the filtration system to sediment suspended solids.

– Another point to consider in water quality control is the presence of aerators to provide the necessary oxygen in the storage tanks.

– The water temperature in the storage tanks must be carefully controlled during the cold season. If the water temperature drops, indirect methods should be used to increase the water temperature.

Tips for Managing the Broodstock Maintenance Hall

– The breeding hall should be located in a place in the center that is safe from noise and pollution, with little traffic and a minimum distance from other parts of the center.

– Breeding tanks come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Square tanks ranging in volume from 20 to 200 cubic meters are commonly used.

– The color of the tanks is usually chosen from dark colors to simulate the seabed and reduce stress on the broodstock.

Biosecurity Guidelines for Shrimp Breeding Centers

– All facilities and equipment must be completely disinfected before the transfer of broodstock to the center.

– Detailed checks and tests for the absence of pathogens must be carried out at various stages of production.

– Wastewater from production centers must be treated before being discharged into the environment.

– Disinfection basins must be installed at the entrance of all halls.

– It is necessary that the employees of each part of the center wear different colored clothes so that they can be checked when moving from one part to another.

– Broodstock mortality should be recorded daily.

– If broodstock is supplied from shrimp farms, it must be documented that there have been no disease outbreaks in the farm for the last three years.

– All personnel working in these centers must have a health certificate.

Last Word:

Due to the increasing prevalence of shrimp diseases and the significant losses caused to the shrimp farming industry, fundamental management of each component of this industry is necessary to reduce diseases and pathogens. Shrimp breeding centers are the first link in the chain of this industry. These centers play an important role in achieving healthy and disease-free shrimp and a vibrant and sustainable industry.

References:

https://www.fao.org/3/az136a/az136a.pdf
https://scj.areeo.ac.ir/article_123990.html
https://abzistan.blog.ir/post/258

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